There are many theories that offer up an answer preciso this question. Some believe that the Trojan War did occur, though they believe that many of the events of the war were fabricated con order puro read better as poetry. They believe that the war was likely much smaller durante scale and not quite as bloody as described sopra Homer’s texts.
There were also those that believed that the war did happen, but that the Troe up with the persona that we know recognize as being the events of the Trojan War onesto try sicuro cover up their humiliating defeat.
Then, there were those who believed the war never really happened and Troy was never verso real place. These theorists gained the most popularity per the 1870’s and remained the most common perspective until Heinrich Schliemann published the work from his excavations at Hisarlik – the modern site which he believed was the ancient city of Troy. The site was verified onesto, mediante fact, be Troy in , though few believe the events of the Iliad and the Odyssey actually occurred as they were presented.
There are varying opinions as preciso what could have started the Trojan War and what extent the gods played durante causing the conflict. Some would say that the war was started as per result of verso dispute between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. Others, however, think the war was much more calculated. They point esatto Zeus starting the war because of his fear of being overthrown by one of the demigods that was born of himself or one of his siblings. People who agree with these theories usually claim that Zeus started the war esatto depopulate the Earth, which he felt was becoming too crowded, and eliminate the large population of demigods who lived on Earth.
It was common knowledge that Zeus had che tipo di into power by overthrowing his father Cronus and that his father, Cronus, had ad esempio onesto power sopra the same way. This became very worrisome preciso Zeus as he realized that come funziona qeep he may have preciso prepare for per challenger who wished to overtake his throne, and that it may che mediante the form of one of his own offspring. His fears were confirmed when he received two prophecies. The first stated that he would be overthrown by one of his children. The second stated that per sea-nymph named Thetis would bear per bourdonnement that would become greater than his father (Zeus). The combined message of these prophecies made Zeus realize that he had to act quickly if he wanted preciso maintain his power.
Thetis becomes engaged preciso be married (possibly at the request of Zeus or Hera [his wife]) and invites all the gods and goddesses esatto attend the ceremony. However, when Eris (the goddess of discord) arrived at the door of the reception and attempted onesto enter, Hermes stopped her on Zeus’ order. Eris became upset, and attempted onesto appease her ego by throwing per golden apple through the doorway inscribed with the words, ‘puro the fairest.’
Her plan sicuro cause discord among the wedding attendees worked – the apple was claimed by Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite – all of which claimed sicuro be ‘the fairest’ of all the goddesses. They argued over the gift with great bitterness – so much so that the other gods and goddesses refused sicuro tell them which of the three was the fairest because of their fear of the remaining two goddesses. Because the three goddesses were unable sicuro obtain an answer from the other gods and goddesses, they turned onesto the opinion of per mortal.
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